Date of Award

Fall 12-16-2017

Document Type

Open Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph.D. in Chemistry



Major Professor

Jose-Luis Giner

Steering Committee Member

Francis X. Webster

Steering Committee Member

Gregory L. Boyer


The syntheses of some unusual marine sterols are reported. 24-Epiconicasterol, an epimer of the bioactive marine sponge sterol conicasterol, an epimer of the bioactive marine sponge sterol conicasterol was synthesized in 10 steps and a 13% overall yield from ergosterol. Similarly, the 24-epimer of the bioactive sponge sterol theonellasterol, 24-epitheonellasterol, was synthesized from stigmasterol. Pfiesterol, an unusual sterol isolated from the toxic dinoflagellate Pfiesteria piscicida and potential biomarker for the species, was synthesized from 16-dehydropregnolone acetate. 4-Methylcholestane-3β,4β-diol, a synthetic pavlovol, was synthesized from cholestenone in a seven-step sequence and a 38% overall yield. The simple analogs of petrosterol, a bioactive sponge sterol and potential inhibitor of invertebrate sterol metabolism, were synthesized as a mixture from the i-methyl 22-iodide in a six-step sequence and a 43% overall yield. The structures of two novel highly alkylated cyclopropyl sterols from a tropical jewel orchid were elucidated by synthesis. Methods for sterol synthesis were developed. The use of a sealed reaction vessel shortened the reaction time for the Kirk-Petrow reaction by at least a day. 1-Dodecanethiol was successfully used instead of thiophenol to obtain an odorless product in good yield and with equivalent reactivity. A new method for the oxidation of allylic alcohols via thiyl radicals was developed. Phenyl disulfide and visible light were used to generate the thiyl radicals. This is the first account of the direct involvement of thiyl radicals in the oxidation of allylic alcohols. This work provided synthetic methods for the aforementioned unusual marine sterols and analogs, which can be used as reference compounds and samples for biological studies. The consumption of unusual marine sterols may affect the growth and development ecologically important marine grazers like copepods.

Available for download on Sunday, December 16, 2018