Date of Award

4-2013

Document Type

Thesis

Department

Environmental and Forest Biology

Thesis Advisor

Thomas R. Horton

Abstract

There are 71 species of bioluminescent fungi belonging to at least three distinct evolutionary lineages. Mycena chlorophos is a bioluminescent species that is distributed in tropical climates, especially in Southeastern Asia, and the Pacific. This research examined Mycena chlorophos from Taiwan using molecular techniques to compare the identity of a named museum specimens and field samples. For this research, field samples were collected in Taiwan and compared with a specimen provided by the National Museum of Natural Science, Taiwan (NMNS). Specific locations for collection were chosen based on previous GIS data provided by NMNS. FTA DNA extraction cards were used to collect fresh DNA from fruiting bodies. The samples were brought back to the lab at SUNY-ESF located in Syracuse, N. Y. where DNA extraction, PCR amplification and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of the nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) internal transcribed spacer (ITS region) were performed. The ITS region, or fungal barcode was sequenced from these PCR products. The RFLP patterns and ITS sequences showed that the field samples and museum specimen were probably the same species, supported by BLAST search in Genbank. This study has raised questions about the mechanisms of long distance fungal spore dispersal, and suggests possible future research in taxonomic and interdisciplinary study of Mycena chlorophos.

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