Document Type

Technical Report

Publication Date



"To identify and evaluate the impact of population densities, deer behavior, roadside vegetative conditions, timber management activities, and hunting practices on the observability of white-tailed deer along forest roads."


"The observability and behavior of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) on a forested area, was studied over a 16-year period (1962-1977). There were 4,727 observations, involving 6,237 deer along forest roads in the Adirondack region of New York, recorded during May-November. Annual variations in deer observation rates were correlated with fluctuations in regional population levels and used to effectively predict trends in regional fall buck harvests. Several factors influencing deer viewing opportunities are discussed including population density, summer range location, individual deer behavior, sex, age, seasonal ranging and activity patterns, flight behavior, forest type, timber harvesting, and the impact of hunting. Data from marked and radio- transmitted animals suggest that certain animals are "highly observable" and contribute a majority of the deer observations recorded along particular sections of forest road. Observation rates were also significantly correlated with vegetation cover types, basal area density of roadside forests, presence of small openings, and hunting."