Date of Award


Document Type



Forest and Natural Resources Management

Thesis Advisor

Emanuel J. Carter


Green infrastructure (Spain)


Infrastructure is the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities needed for the operation of a society. In addition, it is in charge of sustaining the wellbeing of the members of society. Infrastructure is more than tunnels that reduce commuting time, or bridges that open trade between two regions; it is a tool to give society more time to enjoy their preferred activities, and a way to connect with other people. The strong tie infrastructure has with society 's wellbeing, is the reason why a well-designed infrastructure is key to develop sustainably. This paper illustrates the efforts ofVitoria-Gasteiz, Spain to develop sustainably through the adoption of a comprehensive green infrastructure. The importance of green infrastructure is that it reminds society of its bio-centric past, and of the vast number of wheels that need no reinvention. In addition of the aesthetic and environmental services green infrastructure provides when properly planned, society also gains a broad range of economic and social benefits. This document will explore such benefits using Vitoria-Gasteiz's Green Infrastructure (VG-GI) as an example and contrasting it to the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This project is limited to the targets and goals in which VG-GI has had a direct impact. It was determined that VG-GI has had a direct impact on UN SDGs 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, and 15. The study aims to demonstrate the potential green infrastructure has as a tool to meet the UN SDGs. It is worth noting that many of the targets examined in this study are not met solely by the physical aspect of VG-GI, but by a combination of projects, and outstanding individuals that rely on the green infrastructure as a source of inspiration, a space for experimentation, and a vital piece of the community. VG-GI should serve as an example of how infrastructure can once again become a tool for wellbeing, community, and sustainability.